fbpx

Achilles tendon rupture

We often see a rupture of the Achilles tendon in sports such as football but also in sprinters. An Achilles tendon rupture occurs when the calf muscles are suddenly exposed to a large force. A rupture of the Achilles tendon can occur due to degeneration of the tendon. A rupture of the Achilles tendon frequently occurs in men between 30 and 40 years of age. At the time of rupture, a sharp pain is often felt as if the back of the ankle is being kicked. In some cases, it may be impossible to stand on the toes of the ankle. Sometimes, there is an inability to walk on the affected leg. There are various degrees to which a rupture can occur. The degree says something about the severity of the rupture. It is important to have a physiotherapist look at whether there is an Achilles tendon rupture and to what degree the tendon is torn.

Cause

The calf consists of two large muscles. The gastronemius muscle and the soleus muscle. These muscles are both responsible for the ability to stand on tiptoe. Both muscles have their attachment to the heel bone and run into the Achilles tendon. We often see a rupture of the Achilles tendon in sports such as football but also in sprinters. An Achilles tendon rupture occurs when the calf muscles are suddenly subjected to great forces. A rupture often occurs at the start of a sprint, and it feels like someone is kicking the back of the ankle. A rupture in the Achilles tendon can occur due to degeneration of the tendon. This means that the quality of the tendon tissue has deteriorated. Because the tendon is already of poorer quality and the calf is suddenly subjected to high levels of activity, it can rupture.
Achilles tendon rupture

Symptoms

A rupture of the Achilles tendon often occurs in men between 30-40 years of age. At the time of rupture, a sharp pain is often felt as if the back of the ankle is being kicked. With a rupture of the Achilles tendon, stretching the ankle is not possible. painful. In some cases, toe position of the ankle may be impossible. Sometimes there is an inability to walk on the affected leg.

Diagnosis

To diagnose Achilles tendon rupture, the physical therapist will start with an interview to gather more information about the complaint. Once the physical therapist has gathered enough information, he or she will perform a number of tests to confirm or deny whether there is an Achilles tendon rupture. There are different degrees to which a rupture can occur. The degree says something about the severity of the rupture.
Grade 1: There is a small hairline fracture of the tendon due to overstretching.
Grade 2: There is a partial rupture of the tendon.
Grade 3: Complete rupture of the Achilles tendon. This means that the tendon is completely torn.

Treatment

The first 7 days the body is busy with the recovery and the body is in the inflammatory phase. This means that the body is busy cleaning up damaged tissue. The first 7 days it is therefore important to rest and to follow the RICE principle. This means rest, cooling, applying pressure (bandage) and elevating the ankle. After approximately one week, the ankle can often be loaded again, slowly. It is important to have a physiotherapist assess whether there is an Achilles tendon rupture and to what extent the tendon is torn.

In most cases, an Achilles tendon rupture can be treated conservatively by a physiotherapist through exercise therapy and advice. If there is a complete rupture, the physiotherapist will refer you to a specialist who will decide whether or not surgery is necessary to reattach the tendon.
Below you will find a exercise which is often used in case of complaints and is important for strengthening the calf muscles.

Make an appointment

Other blogs in this category

Dealing with groin pain

Groin pain can have a variety of causes. This is because different structures can all cause pain in the groin. Some structures cause localized pain others are the result of radiating pain from another region of the body. Also.

Sprained ankle - inversion trauma

Sprained ankle or inversion trauma Almost everyone has gone through their ankle at one time or another. In most cases, the ankle folds inward. This movement of the ankle is called inversion. Hence the name inversion trauma. The symptoms are...

Our 7 Tips for Training with Knee Pain

Injuries are annoying! Some are more serious than others but generally it's not a reason to stop training altogether. You've often worked hard to be where you are today so don't let this injury get in your way. Here are 7 strategies...

Deltoid tendinopathy

A deltoid tendinopathy is caused by a reduction in the quality of the tendon tissue. This can be caused by over- or underuse and can occur in both younger and older people. A tendinopathy is often accompanied by stiffness and pain in the shoulder....

Inversion trauma

With an inversion trauma, you sprain the ankle, as it were. This will put strain on the anterior talofibular ligament. People who do not seek physiotherapy help after experiencing an inversion trauma have a 90% chance of suffering another inversion trauma.

Knee pain when squatting - the perfect squat

The squat is a compound (= exercise in which movement takes place in several joints) exercise well known among strength athletes. It is an exercise used in the gym to strengthen the leg muscles, but it is much more than that! It is a...

Rowan's wrist - intersection syndrome

A rower's wrist, also known as intersection syndrome, is particularly common in rowers and sports such as tennis. The cause of these wrist complaints is often overburdening of the extensor and flexor muscles of the wrist. Complaints are often pain when bending and stretching...

Throwing elbow

A throwing elbow can occur due to trauma, but also due to repeated throwing with improper technique. Physical therapy can reduce symptoms associated with throwing elbow through focused advice and physical treatment. Causes: The causes of a...

The bosu ball, useful or nonsense?

What is a bosu ball? A bosu ball is a half ball with a hard flat base. It was invented in the late 1990s by David Weck with the aim of reducing lower back pain. The ball can be used on both the convex and flat sides with the aim of...

Jumpers knee

A jumpers knee often occurs in sports like handball, basketball but also in other sports where explosive jumping occurs and is also called an insertion tendinopathy. Recovering from a jumpers knee can take a long time without proper supervision of a...
Sign up for our newsletter

Sign up for our newsletter

Receive our latest blogs every month!

Thank you for your subscription. You will now receive our monthly newsletter.